The Complete Guidebook To Marketing Attribution [+5 Tools!]

The Complete Guidebook To Marketing Attribution [+5 Tools!] - TrueProfit

Are you in need of a solution to find out how your marketing efforts influence your customers’ behavior and decisions? If yes, then you need to learn about marketing attribution.

Marketing attribution is the process of giving credit to different marketing touchpoints and strategies that lead to conversions. It helps you solve the mystery of what works and what doesn’t in your marketing campaigns.

In this article, you will find everything you need to know about marketing attribution, such as:

  • What is it and why is it important?
  • What are the different models and how do they work?
  • What are the best tools and how to use them?

This guide will help you master marketing attribution and optimize your marketing performance. Ready to dive in? Let’s go!

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What is Marketing Attribution?

Marketing attribution is a report methodology that provides marketers and sales teams with insights into how much influence marketing efforts had on achieving a particular objective, typically related to sale conversion.

In more detail, marketing attribution involves assessing the various marketing interactions a consumer experiences during their journey to a purchase.

Attribution aims to identify the most influential channels and messages driving the decision to convert or take the desired action. Several widely adopted attribution models are used in marketing today, including multi-touch attribution, lift studies, and time decay.

These models provide valuable insights into when, where, and how consumers engage with brand messages. This insight empowers marketing teams to adjust and personalize campaigns to align with the unique preferences of individual consumers, ultimately enhancing the return on investment (ROI) of their marketing efforts.

Attribution Marketing Example

Suppose you run an online store that sells home appliances. You want to increase your sales and revenue by using different marketing channels and campaigns. You use email marketing, social media marketing, paid search ads, and referral programs to attract and engage your customers.

But how do you know which of these channels and campaigns are bringing you the most conversions? How do you measure the return on investment (ROI) of your marketing efforts? This is where marketing attribution comes in.

Marketing attribution is a way of assigning credit to different marketing touchpoints that influence your customers’ decisions and actions. It helps you understand how each channel or campaign contributes to your sales and revenue.

With marketing attribution, you don’t have to guess or rely on manual data collection. You can get a clear picture of your customer’s behavior and journey from the first contact to the final purchase. Marketing attribution can also help indicate which touchpoints need more attention and which ones need improvement.

Why is Marketing Attribution Important?

Marketing attribution is a pivotal practice in modern marketing, and its significance cannot be overstated. It is critical in helping businesses understand and optimize their marketing strategies. Here’s more detail on how crucial this reporting strategy is.

  • Efficient Resource Allocation: Marketing attribution helps marketing teams determine which channels and messages have the most significant impact on conversions. As a result, you can allocate resources such as budget, time, and effort towards strategies that yield results, leading to a higher return on investment (ROI).
  • Data-Driven Decision-Making: Marketing attribution relies on analyzing consumer data from various channels. This data-driven approach enables marketers to make informed decisions based on real customer behavior rather than assumptions or gut feelings. In other words, it reduces guesswork and increases the chances of success.
  • Personalization: Attribution allows marketing teams to gain insights into how individual consumers interact with brand messages. This level of detail enables personalized marketing efforts, tailoring campaigns to meet each consumer’s specific desires and preferences. So, the content becomes more engaging and relevant, fostering stronger connections and higher conversion rates.
  • Optimized Campaigns: Marketers can refine their campaigns in real-time by understanding the most influential touchpoints. For example, if an email promotion proves more effective than a display ad, resources can be shifted toward creating targeted email campaigns for better results.
  • Improved ROI: Marketing attribution maximizes the return on marketing investments. When the business accurately attributes conversions, you can focus on what drives results. This results-driven approach boosts ROI and ensures marketing efforts align with business goals.
  • Competitive Advantage: Understanding consumer behavior and making data-based decisions can provide a significant advantage in a competitive marketplace. Businesses that embrace marketing attribution are better equipped to adapt to changing market conditions, stay ahead of competitors, and meet the evolving needs of their audience.
  • Customer Insights: Attribution provides valuable insights into the customer journey, revealing how customers move from awareness to conversion. These insights can inform product development, customer service enhancements, and overall business strategies, helping to create a more customer-centric approach.

Advanced analytics platforms are often required to harness the benefits of marketing attribution fully. These platforms can process vast amounts of data, personalizing insights that inform in-depth campaign optimizations. In an era where data is abundant, marketing attribution is not just a best practice but a strategic imperative for businesses looking to thrive in a data-driven world.

What is A Marketing Attribution Model?

Marketing attribution models estimate marketing campaigns’ effectiveness by analyzing individual user-level data. So, it has become outstanding in marketing mix modeling that uses aggregated data.

This person-centered approach makes attribution models better suited for assessing digital campaigns rather than offline ones like print advertising. Each attribution model uses different analytical techniques.

Effective attribution models offer insights into:

  • The specific messages consumers encountered and through which channels.
  • Which touchpoints had the most significant impact on their purchase decision?
  • The role of brand perception in the decision-making process.
  • The influence of the message sequencing.
  • Which messaging resonates best with each consumer.
  • The effects of external factors, for example, how changes in gas prices affect car sales.

1. Single-Touch Attribution Model

Single-touch attribution model focuses on one specific touchpoint in the customer journey. There are two sub-types in this category, including

First-Touch Attribution

This model assumes that a consumer’s initial interaction with a brand or product is the most influential in their decision to convert. Whether it’s an eye-catching banner ad, a captivating social media post, or an engaging email, this first touchpoint is responsible for the entire conversion.

Last-Touch Attribution

As the name suggests, it credits the last touchpoint or interaction a consumer has with the brand before making a purchase or taking the desired action with the entire conversion. This model disregards prior engagements and places all the attribution emphasis on the last encounter.

While both models offer simplicity and clarity in assigning credit for conversions, they have notable limitations. They oversimplify the consumer journey and ignore the valuable contributions of other touchpoints along the way.

In reality, most consumers go through a multi-step decision-making process, encountering various marketing messages and channels before reaching a conversion point.

As a result, marketers should be cautious about relying solely on these models and consider more comprehensive attribution methods for more valuable insights.

2. Multi-Touch Attribution Model

There are different touchpoints contributing to conversions; hence, understanding the customer journey is essential.

Multi-touch attribution models emerge as robust tools in this style as they comprehensively examine all the touchpoints that a consumer interacts with on their path to making a purchase. These models are more popular because they accurately depict the intricate landscape of consumer behavior.

Multi-touch attribution types differ in how they assign value to these touchpoints, reflecting consumers’ diverse paths to conversion. Here are some key types:

Linear Attribution

This model treats each touchpoint along the customer journey as equally important. It acknowledges that each message contributes in some way to driving the conversion.

linear attribution

Time Decay Attribution

The Time Decay model focuses more on the touchpoints closer to the moment of conversion, which typically have a more substantial impact. As a result, it assigns greater weight to interactions closer to the purchase, assuming they played a more decisive role in sealing the deal.

time decay attribution

U-Shaped Attribution

The U-shaped model emphasizes the significance of both the first touchpoint and the lead conversion touchpoint, each receiving 40 percent of the credit for the lead. The remaining 20 percent is distributed among the touchpoints between the first and lead conversion.

u shaped attribution - marketing attribution

W-Shaped Attribution

This model builds upon the U-shaped concept but introduces an additional core touchpoint – opportunity creation.

In the W-shaped model, credit is divided among three key touchpoints: first touch, lead conversion, and opportunity creation, each receiving 30 percent of the attribution. The remaining 10 percent is distributed among the supplementary interactions.

Multi-touch attribution models offer a nuanced perspective on consumer journeys, enabling marketers to recognize the various degrees of influence that different touchpoints exert. By understanding these dynamics, marketing teams can refine their strategies to optimize results and allocate resources more effectively.

w shaped attribution - marketing attribution

5 Trustworthy Marketing Attribution Tools

Manual marketing performance analysis takes time and might generate inaccurate report results. That’s why marketing attribution tools come into play to speed up the process and level up the effectiveness of the marketing report. Here are some notable marketing attribution tools and their key features:

1. TrueProfit’s Parameter Generator (New Release!)

trueprofit parameter generator - marketing attribution tool
TrueProfit’s Parameter Genetor as a part of Multi-channel attribution and Product analytics

TrueProfit’s Parameter Generator Extension for Chrome simplifies the process of generating URL parameters for your ads across various marketing platforms. It effortlessly integrates with TrueProfit’s tracking system, making it an invaluable resource for users seeking to optimize their Multi-Channel Attribution and Product Analytics strategies.

  • Automated Recognition of Advertising Platforms: The extension identifies the advertising platform in use, whether it is Facebook, Google, TikTok, or any other compatible platform. Hence, the process of parameter generation and their integration into your ad URLs can become more straightforward.
  • Generate Ad-Specific URL Parameters: The extension will produce URL parameters customized for your specific advertisement, taking into account the selected advertising platform, store, and product. This functionality enables TrueProfit to accurately track your store’s advertising expenses for each product and channel.
  • Effortless Auto-Fill of URL Parameters: The extension will automatically insert the generated URL parameters into the relevant field within your ads manager, eliminating the need for manual entry. This feature saves you time and streamlines the process, minimizing inconvenience.

2. Google Analytics

google analytics - marketing attribution
Google Analytics has been the top analytics tool for marketers and e-commerce store owners

Google Analytics has been the top analytics tool for marketers and e-commerce store owners. This is a well-known analytics tool that offers attribution models for reporting. It is beneficial for top-of-the-funnel marketing attribution as it provides valuable insights into the early stages of the buyer’s journey.

  • Real-Time Analytics: Google Analytics provides real-time data, allowing you to monitor website activity, user behavior, and traffic sources as they happen.
  • Audience Segmentation: You can segment your website visitors based on various criteria such as demographics, geography, and user behavior, enabling targeted marketing campaigns.
  • Conversion Tracking: Google Analytics helps track and analyze conversions, including e-commerce transactions, goal completions, and micro-conversions, giving insights into the effectiveness of your website and marketing efforts.
  • Event Tracking: It allows you to track user interactions with specific elements on your website, such as button clicks, video views, and downloads, providing valuable engagement insights.
  • Custom Reports and Dashboards: Users can create customized reports and dashboards to visualize data most relevant to their business goals, making it easy to monitor key metrics.

3. HubSpot

hubspot - marketing attribution
Hubspot is a versatile tool that provides you with crucial data and valuable insights into the performance of your marketing campaigns

Hubspot is a versatile tool that provides you with crucial data and valuable insights into the performance of your marketing campaigns. It simplifies gathering data from marketing, sales, and service into a single report. So, you can create custom attribution reports without the hassle of collecting data from various sources, saving time and reducing errors.

  • Unified Data Integration: It seamlessly integrates marketing, sales, and service data into a single report, simplifying data collection and analysis.
  • Extensive App Integrations: With the ability to pull in data from over 1000+ app integrations, HubSpot ensures that you have a comprehensive view of your marketing efforts and can make data-driven decisions.
  • Flexible User Access Control: HubSpot allows different user access levels, ensuring data security and privacy compliance, a critical feature for businesses handling sensitive information.
  • Attribution Model Flexibility: You can easily toggle between different attribution models, such as first-touch, last-touch, or multi-touch, to understand how each interaction contributes to conversions.
  • Customizable Dashboards: HubSpot’s software enables users to create custom dashboards, making it effortless to track changes, monitor key metrics, and share updates with stakeholders.

4. Dreamdata

dreamdata - marketing attribution
Dreamdata provides B2B marketers with an overview of marketing performance in every channel

Dreamdata is a robust B2B revenue attribution platform designed to collect, consolidate, and analyze all revenue-related data. It offers comprehensive analytics, including visualized interactive timelines of account journeys.

Marketers and growth leaders can optimize their ad spend and content against revenue, gain deeper insights into customer journeys, and automate their B2B data warehousing.

  • B2B Revenue Attribution: Dreamdata specializes in B2B revenue attribution, gathering and cleaning all revenue-related data to provide transparent, actionable insights into what drives B2B revenue.
  • Visualized Customer Journeys: Dreamdata offers visualized interactive timelines of every account in your pipeline, allowing you to track customer journeys across pipeline stages and understand channel and campaign effectiveness.
  • Multi-Touch Attribution Models: This platform supports customizable multi-touch attribution models that reveal which channels and campaigns are generating revenue and when helping marketers optimize their ad spend and content.
  • Automatic Integrations: Dreamdata seamlessly integrates with Google and LinkedIn Offline Conversions, enabling marketers to send data back into ad platforms and align online and offline marketing efforts.
  • Automated B2B Data Warehouse: Dreamdata is an automated B2B go-to-market data warehouse, providing marketers and growth leaders with the data and insights needed to make informed decisions and drive revenue.

5. Analytics - marketing attribution supports you in aggregating and organizing attribution data from many sources to make a comprehensive report supports you in aggregating and organizing attribution data from many sources to make a comprehensive report. is a machine-learning-powered tool that aggregates and organizes attribution data from various sources. It specializes in multi-touch attribution reporting, helping users understand complex customer journeys and optimize marketing performance.

  • Machine Learning-Powered Attribution: leverages machine learning to collect and organize attribution data from various sources; hence, you can have advanced insights into customer journeys and campaign performance.
  • Integration Diversity: With 50+ native integrations and compatibility with Zapier, connects with a wide range of tools. Thus, it ensures that online and offline marketing efforts data can be collected and analyzed.
  • Customizable Multi-Touch Attribution Models: allows users to implement customizable multi-touch attribution models. It offers a detailed understanding of how different touchpoints contribute to conversions and revenue generation.
  • Revenue Optimization: This platform helps marketers and growth leaders optimize their ad spend and content against revenue data. This feature helps you allocate resources efficiently for maximum ROI.
  • Automated B2B Data Warehouse: assists in creating an automated B2B go-to-market data warehouse. So, you can understand customer intent, automate marketing processes, and enhance their overall marketing strategy.

These marketing attribution tools offer diverse capabilities to help businesses analyze and optimize their marketing strategies. Whether you need to simplify data collection, explore multi-touch attribution, or gain deeper insights into customer journeys, these tools provide the data-driven insights necessary to make informed marketing decisions.

How to Use Marketing Attribution Reports Effectively

Marketing attribution reports offer valuable insights into your marketing efforts, helping you make informed decisions and optimize your strategies. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to use these reports effectively:

Step 1: Decide on the timeframe for your attribution analysis

Some businesses conduct weekly or monthly reporting, while others use attribution data strategically before making updates. Consider the seasonality of your business and how different periods may impact your data. Visual analytics dashboards of attribution marketing tools can help identify patterns that guide your research.

Step 2: Review customer habits and buyer journey

Attribution reports help answer crucial questions about your marketing channels and content. You can uncover insights like how many leads your blog generates and which content types perform best. You can also identify which marketing channels generate the most leads and where to allocate your resources effectively. Thanks to attribution marketing reports, which pages on your website receive the most visits before conversions are not guesswork but data-based insights.

Step 3: Find the proper data collection tools

Before diving into attribution reporting, ensure you have the necessary data. Use quantitative data tracking tools that align with your business goals and the questions you want to address. Tools like Google Analytics offer comprehensive website analytics, but consider additional tools if your attribution model involves post-signup user interactions or complex customer journeys.

Step 4: Choose the best attribution model

There’s no one-size-fits-all approach, so using multiple models is often best. Consider your team’s goals and the analysis required. First-touch attribution helps assess initial touchpoints, while multi-touch attribution models are adequate for understanding complex journeys and customer retention.

Step 5: Analyze the attribution data

Once you have chosen an attribution model, analyze the data to answer your top questions. Use tools like TrueProfit‘s revenue attribution report to gain insights into different dimensions of interactions, content, and sources. Toggle between attribution models to understand the impact of each interaction and create the most suitable reports for your goals.

Step 6: Present data for easy review

Utilize graphics and data visualization techniques to present the information. Effective marketing attribution software often includes visualization tools to simplify data interpretation.

Step 7: Take advisable actions

After gaining a clear understanding of your attribution data, take action. Conduct market research, seek training to fill knowledge gaps, and make strategic recommendations. Run marketing experiments and implement new strategies based on the insights derived from your attribution reports.


This tutorial has instructed you a lot about marketing attribution, from what it is to how it works, how to generate a report, what tools to use, to what best practices to follow. Now you are ready to use the power of marketing attribution to improve your marketing performance.

Marketing attribution is not just a tool, but a mindset. It helps you keep track of the changing trends and preferences of your customers. It helps you make smarter choices and invest in the most effective channels and campaigns. It helps you achieve your goals and stand out from the competition.

Don’t let this knowledge go to waste. Apply it to your own marketing strategy and see the results for yourself. Marketing attribution can take your business to the next level if you use it wisely and consistently. Make it count!

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